IntroducingRock climbing is the activity in which one climbs either a mountain or other rock formations. These climbers will generally use gear and equipment which is designed to keep them safe, and which assists them in their task. There are a number of characteristics that climbers need to have while performing this activity, and some of them include endurance, strength, and a great deal of mental endurance. This is important, as rock climbing often requires them to ascend terrain, and the activity itself is often considered to be dangerous. Having a knowledge of equipment and climbing techniques is critically important.
If you're not familiar with rock climbing, the first thing you should know is that two climbers will often work together. One climber will ascend the terrain, and the other will perform a task called belaying. During the process of lead climbing, the belayer will be responsible for feeding rope to the lead climber, and this will be done through the belay device. The leader will continue to ascend higher, and he/she will place bolt hangers in specific locations until they reach the top. The belayer can "lock off" to protect the leader if they should fall. Both must be responsible for connecting the rope to the harness they use for climbing.
The rope will be tied to the harness, and it must be tied in a special manner called the "figure of eight loop." Another method called the "double bowline knot" can also be used to tie the rope to the harness. If the climbers are performing sports climbing, the leader will be responsible for putting down his own protection. If the pair is involved in sports climbing, the leader must put up clips into a location that is permanent. During traditional climbing, the protection can be taken off. A special nut can be placed within cracks inside the rock. During the sports climbing event, metal loops called bolts will be used.
The lead climber will also be responsible for connecting the protection to the rope via carabiners. Quickdraws can be used as well. If the leader should fall, he will be protected. However, the fall could be shorter or longer depending on whether or not the equipment breaks or comes out of the rock. If the belayer can quickly lock off the belay device, the fall will be short. With free climbing, the climber will ascend using his own strength, though equipment may be available to protect him.
Rock Climbing requires different pieces of equipment and gear. It is important to know their features and purposes. Moreover, learn how and when to use these devices. Bear in mind that Rock Climbing is a dangerous activity. Knowing how to use your equipment can greatly help in ensuring your safety.
Climbing RopesMake sure that the ropes you use are designed specifically for the climbing style that you do. This section covers some aspects about Climbing Ropes.
HarnesessFinding the one which is suitable to your needs will be easier if you have an idea of what to look for in a harness. Know the different aspects of Climbing Harnesses.
In Belaying, the belayer needs to control the movement of the rope to protect the climber. This is made easier through the use of Belay Devices.
One important piece of hardware used in climbing is the Carabiner. Make sure that you are using the ones which are manufactured specifically for Rock Climbing.
Active Protection - Spring-Loaded Camming DevicesAlso called cams, SLCDs are probably one of the most versatile active protection you can imagine. Know more about Spring-Loaded Camming Devices in this section.
Passive Protection - Slings, Hexes, Nuts, TricamsPassive protection is also an essential gear used in Rock Climbing and Mountaineering. Know the various tools under the passive protection category.
How to Use Active & Passive Protection
Knowing how and when to use your active and passive pros is essential in any climb. This section covers valuable tips on how to use Active and Passive Protection.
Rock Climbing QuickdrawsQuickdraws enable the rope to run smoothly from the Belay Point to the Climber. Learn more about its uses as well as its different types in this article.
Climbing HelmetsA helmet is a wise investment for climbers of all ability levels. It will protect you from falling debris when you are climbing. Know more about Climbing Helmets.
Climbing ShoesBear in mind that time invested in finding the right type and size of your shoes is very important. In this section, know what to look for in Climbing Shoes.
Rock Climbing Chalk & Chalk BagsRock Climbing Chalk keeps the climber's grip steady and secure when climbing up a rock face by keeping his or her hands dry. Chalk Bags meanwhile serve as a receptacle for the Chalk.
Bouldering Crash PadsA Bouldering Crash Pad is placed under the climber to help prevent injuries when he or she falls. Learn more about crash pads in this section.
Rock Climbing Training BoardsAlso called campus boards, the use of training boards can greatly improve strength of your fingers, shoulders, and forearms.
You need several pieces of equipment in Rock Climbing. As mentioned before, it is important to know the proper uses of your gear since this can help in ensuring your safety. Determine what you need in your climb, understand the features and use of each tool or device, and learn when to use it.